Maps & Symbolics
According to documents (the life-story of Kartli) Georgian flag was known as white from 5th c. King Vakhtang Gorgasali ordered to tie a white collared banner to the flag handle and cross named Gorgasaliani flag. Later, during the political unification of Georgia, the white flag appeared as a symbol of Georgias struggle for sovereignty. During the rein of David IV the Builder, Georgia became a powerful country in Cucasus and established close contacts with the crusaders.
After King Davids victory over Muslim aggressors, his name became widely known and he was referred to in the Christian world as the son of Christendom. David added a red cross to the state white flag, which is referred to as the St. George flag in Lexicology.
Later, in the 15th century, after the king of Georgia Giorgi the Brilliant, –succeeded in returning the city of Jerusalem and the Holy Sepulcher to Christendom, the state flag of Georgia was embellished with four small red crosses in the corners, as a reference to the heraldic composition of the ‘Jerusalem cross.
The flag with five crosses had been used for about three years by the political coalition led by Mikhail Saakashvili and become the state flag in 2004.
The state coat of arms was approved by the Parliament in September 2004. The meanings behind the emblems are:
Two lions - as a symbol of state power.
Crown – as a symbol of Statehood taken from the coat of arms of the Bagrationi Royal House.
St. George – one of the most popular saints of Georgia – a symbol of victory of Christianity, defeating a dragon representing evil.
The inscription below the coat of arms is a Georgian folk saying meaning “Power is in Unity” – or as one might say in English “United we stand, divided we fall”.
Maps of Georgia